The recent CITES Conference of the Parties (COP) in Geneva, Switzerland, demonstrated the challenges of governance for multinational treaty organizations, especially those attempting to sustainably manage the world’s resources. 183 countries are Parties to the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and many of them attended the COP.
Marine spatial management has been a major international focus in recent years with an impetus on marine protected areas. Many large-scale MPAs cover thousands of kilometres of open ocean, and in some cases protect large swathes of empty water where there is little resource use.
How are high seas resources to be managed and shared in the future? The international community is looking to enhance existing rules through a new treaty under the United Nations’ Convention on the Law of the Sea. JAMES MOVICK, former Director General of the Forum Fisheries Agency, argues Pacific nations must take an active approach to the negotiations at the UN to achieve an outcome that reflects identity, culture, and geography.
Mitigating the effects of human-induced climate change – a causation that still engenders passionate debate around many a dinner table – has surged the further development of clean energy sources with the goal of reducing reliance on fossil fuels. The world’s demand for metals and minerals is on the rise and outpacing current supply.